Here ___________________________w

简介: Here ___________________________with green trees growing quickly.【】1.we should e

新外研版必修第一册Unit 1 A new start知识讲学I. 讲→梳理掌握高频词汇:本单元有词形变化的词汇,为语法填空必考词汇。

★★★1.curious adj好奇的→curiously adv好奇地2.impression n印象,感想→impress v → impressive adj令人钦佩的3.tradition n传统→traditional adj 传统的4.eagerness热切,渴望 → eager adj渴望的,热切的5.explore v考察,探险→ exploration n发现,探索6.collection n一批收藏品→ collect v收藏,收集7.organize v 组织→ organization n组织8.breathe v呼吸→breath n9.panic n惊恐,惊慌→温馨提示过去式和过去分词panicked→现在分词panicking10.pressure n压力→ press v压,按11.description n描写,描述→ describe v描述,描写12.confident adj有信心的 →confidence n信心13.argue v争论 → argument n争论14.intelligent adj有智慧的,聪明的→ intelligence n智力,智慧15.investigate v,查明→ investigation n16.various adj各种各样的, 各种不同的→ variety 各种各样,多样n → vary v改变, 使多样化, 变更; 变化17.apply v申请→ application n申请18.graduate v毕业→ graduation n毕业19.frightened adj受惊的,害怕的→ frightening adj令人害怕的 → frighten v使害怕20.refer v提到,谈到→ 温馨提示过去式和过去分词referred → 现在分词referring21.memorize v记住,熟记 →memorization n记住22.improve v改进,改善→improvement n改善23.performance n表现→perform v表演24.embarrass v.使尴尬;使局促不安→embarrassed adj.难堪的;尴尬的→embarrassment n.尴尬;难堪;窘迫→embarrassing adj.令人难堪的;使人尴尬的25. select v.选择,选拔→selection n.选择,选拔II讲→梳理掌握重点短语★★1.one by one 一个接一个2.butterflies in one’s stomach情绪紧张,心里发慌3.in panic惊慌地4.go all out to do sth全力以赴,竭尽全力5.in particular 特别地; 尤其6.refer to 提到,谈到,指的是;参考,查阅;涉及,有关7.look forward to期望; 盼望8.ioduce …

9.make the most of 充分利用10. put sb. under pressure使某人有压力11. depend on依靠;信赖12. take part (in sth.)参与某事13. take up拿起;开始从事;占据;继续;从事于;接受14.around the corner 在拐角处;即将来临15.be about to正要做…

16.share sth. with和…

17.keep an open mind保持开放的心态18.for sure肯定地19.at the sight of一看到…

III讲→易错点★★★★★易错点1:panic n惊恐,惊慌→过去式和过去分词panicked→现在分词panicking易错原因:panic的过去式、过去分词及现在分词与原形差距较大,格外提醒 拼写错误。

用法指南:①be in a (state of) panic (about sth) (对某事)惊惶失措I got into a panic when I found the door was locked. 我发觉门锁上了, 十分惊慌.The thought of flying fills me with panic. 我一想到飞行便吓得战战兢兢.There was (an) immediate panic when the alarm sounded. 警报响起时立刻引起一片恐慌.②panic sb into doing sth (often passive 常用於被动语态) make sb do (sth unwise or hasty) because of panic 使某人(因惊惶)仓促做(蠢事)The banks were panicked into selling sterling. 银行因恐慌而抛售英国货币.易错点2:refer v提到,谈到→ 过去式和过去分词referred → 现在分词referring易错原因:refer的过去式、过去分词及现在分词需要双写加ed或ing,格外提醒拼写错误。

用法指南:①to sb/sth (a) mention or speak of sb/sth; allude to sb/sth 提到﹑ 说到或涉及到某人[某事物]When I said some people are stupid, I wasn't referring to you. 我说有些人很愚蠢, 并不是指你.②to sth/sb turn to sth/sb for information, etc 向某事物[某人]查询信息等: refer to a dictionary, an expert 查词典﹑ 询问专家I referred to my watch for the exact time. 我看了一下手表好知道准确的时间.The speaker often referred to his notes. 那个讲演的人不时地看稿.③尤用於被动语态~ sb/sth to sb/sth send sb/sth to sb/sth for help, advice, action, etc 将某人[某事物]送交某人[某事物]以谋求帮助﹑ 指点﹑ 行动支持等:I was referred to the manager/the enquiry office. 人家叫我去找经理[去问讯处].易错点3:argue v争论 → argument n争论易错原因:argue的名词形式需要去掉e加ment这是学生容易出错的地方。

(有许多词是直接加ment构成名词的)用法指南:①[C] ~ (with sb) (about/over sth) disagreement; quarrel 争论; 争辩; 争吵: get into/he an argument with the referee (about his decision) 与裁判员争辩(他所做的裁判).② [U] discussion based on reasoning 争论; 辩论: We agreed without much further argument. 我们没怎麽进一步争论就达成了一致意见.③ [C] ~ (for/against sth); ~ (that...) reason or reasons put forward 论据; 论点; 理由: There are strong arguments for and against capital punishment. 对於执行, 赞成与反对的双方都有强有力的论据.易错点4:butterflies in one’s stomach情绪紧张,心里发慌易错原因:这个短语的意思是引申意,想当然直译就会出错。

用法指南:It's a time filled with excitement, uncertainties and that feeling of numerous butterflies.这个阶段充满着兴奋和不确定,心里有种七上八下的感觉。

易错点5: description n描写,描述→ describe v描述,描写易错原因:这个的名词形式和动词形式的拼写差距较大,是造成拼写错误的原因。

用法指南:①describe sb/sth (to/for sb); describe sb/sth as sth say what sb/sth is like;描述某人[某事物]; 叙述某事物;形容某事物Words cannot describe the beauty of the scene. 那景色之美难以言传.②describe sb/sth as sth state sb/sth to be sth; call 叫做; 称做:I hesitate to describe him as really clever. 我很难说他真聪明.He describes himself as a doctor. 他自称是医生.③beyond description 无法用语言描述或形容The scenery was beautiful beyond description. 那风景美丽得难以形容.易错点6:various adj各种各样的, 各种不同的→ variety 各种各样,多样n → vary v改变, 使多样化, 变更; 变化易错原因:这个的名词形式和形容词、动词形式的拼写差距较大,是造成拼写错误的原因。

用法指南:Their hobbies are many and various. 他们的业余爱好五花八门。

He left for a variety of reasons. 他由於种种原因而离开了。

These fish vary in weight from 3 lb to 5 lb. 这些鱼的重量从3磅到5磅不等.The results of the experiment var wildly. 实验结果差异很大.易错点7:frightened adj受惊的,害怕的→ frightening adj令人害怕的易错原因:ed形容词和ing形容词,修饰的对象不同。

Frightened sb对感到吃惊;表示人的特征;frightening sth让人吃惊,表示物的特征。

用法指南:I'm frightened of walking home alone in the dark.我害怕在晚上单独回家。

The noise was frightening.噪音令人害怕。

IV 讲→重点词汇和短语的用法★★★★1.curious adj好奇的①be curious about: 对…

感到好奇Children are curious about animals and how they live.②be curious to see/hear/know something: 对…

好奇;很想 People were curious to know why the accident happened.③it is curious that: 奇怪的是…

It is rather curious that you’ve never mentioned this before.2.eager adj渴望的,热切的①be eager to do something: 渴望做某事He’s so eager to learn that he stays late every evening.②be eager for: 渴望得到某物The girls were bored and seemed eager for new experiences.3.confident adj有信心的①be confident (that) 对…

坚信He is quietly confident that there will be no problems this time.②be confident of 确信,有信心The Prime Minister appeared relaxed and confident of winning an overall majority.③be confident about对…

有信心/自信 I feel much more confident about myself and my abilities these days.④be confident (that) We are confident we he done nothing wrong.4.go all out全力以赴,竭尽全力①go all out to do sthNow he is in trouble, we should go all out to help him. 现在他正遇到了麻烦,我们应该全力以赴去帮助他。

②go all out for sthWe’re going all out for a big win in Saturday’s game.我们要全力以赴地赢得周六的比赛。

5.make the most of 充分利用Make the most of your time.充分利用好你的时间。

They simply make the most of everything they do he.他们只是简单地把每件事情做得最好。

6.look forward to期望; 盼望look forward to其中to是介词,后面接名词或动名词My family and I look forward to seeing you next month. 我和我的家人都期待在下个月能看到你。

III讲→重点句型★★★★★重点句型1:主语be doing…

when+从句句型解读:本句be doing...when...“正在做某事,这时…

”句中的when是并列连词,意为“就在那时”,相当于and then或and at the same time。

归纳拓展:(1)下列结构中的when都是并列连词be doing...when...    正在做…

be about to do...when... 正要做…

be on the point of doing sth. when... 正要做…

had just done...when... 刚做了…

背诵课本原句:①I was looking at the photos on the noticeboard (布告栏/牌)when I heard a voice behind me.②I was organizing my words in my head when the girl next to me ge me a nudge. (轻推)重点句型2:现在分词短语作状语句型解读:这里是现在分词短语作时间状语,现在分词短语是由时间状语从句改写而来的。

背诵课本原句:①Turning around, I saw a white-haired man.(When I turned out)②Looking back at my high school life, the most important advice I'd give are these wonderful words from the writer Maya Angelou.(When I looked back at…

背诵课本原句:①I’m wondering what life is going to be like here.②But it all depends on what you do.重点句型4:with+名词+介词的复合结构句型解读: with butterflies in my stomach是with复合结构,由“with+名词+介词短语”构成。

归纳拓展:常见的with复合结构:(1)with+宾语+形容词/副词/介词短语(2)with+宾语+doing(表主动、进行)(3)with+宾语+done(表被动、完成)(4)with+宾语+to do(表未做)考查方向:考查with及后面介词的用法背诵课本原句:With butterflies in my stomach, I breathed deeply.一. with复合结构的常见形式 1.“with+名词/代词+介词短语”。

The man was walking on the street, with a book under his arm. 那人在街上走着,腋下夹着一本书。

2. “with+名词/代词+形容词”。

With the weather so close and stuffy(闷热的), ten to one it’ll rain presently. 天气这么闷热,十之八九要下雨。

3. “with+名词/代词+副词”。

The square looks more beautiful than even with all the light on. 所有的灯亮起来,广场看起来更美。

4. “with+名词/代词+名词”。

He left home, with his wife a hopeless soul. 他走了,妻子十分伤心。

5. “with+名词/代词+done”。

With this problem solved, neomycin 1 is now in regular production. 随着这个问题的解决,新霉素一号现在已经正式产生。

6. “with+名词/代词+-ing分词”。

He felt more uneasy with the whole class staring at him. 全班同学看着他,他感到更不自然了。

7. “with+宾语+to do”。

So in the afternoon, with nothing to do, I went on a round of the bookshops. 由于下午无事可做,我就去书店转了转。

with复合结构的句法功能 1. with 复合结构,在句中表状态或说明背景情况,常做伴随、方式、原因、条件等状语。

With machinery to do all the work, they will soon he got in the crops. 由于所有的工作都是由机器进行,他们将很快收完庄稼。

(原因状语)The boy always sleeps with his head on the arm. 这个孩子总是头枕着胳膊睡觉。

(伴随状语) The soldier had him stand with his back to his father. 士兵要他背对着他父亲站着。

(方式状语) With spring coming on, trees turn green. 春天到了,树变绿了。

(时间状语) 2. with 复合结构可以作定语 Anyone with its eyes in his head can see it’s exactly like a rope. 任何一个头上长着眼睛的人都能看出它完全像一条绳子。

【高考链接】 1. ___two exams to worry about, I he to work really hard this weekend.(04北京) A. With B. Besides C. As for D. Because of 【解析】A。

2. It was a pity that the great writer d, ______his works unfinished. (04福建) A. for B. with C. from D.of 【解析】B。

3._____production up by 60%, the company has had another excellent year. (NMET) A. As B.For C. With D.Through 【解析】C。

with复合结构专项练习(一) 1. John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work _______, he gladly accepted it. A. finished B. Finishing C. hing finished D. was finished 2. Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people happy with the decisions ________? A. taking B. Take C. taken D. to take 3. You he no idea how she finished the relay race _______ her foot wounded so much.A. for B. When C. with D. while 4. ----Come on, please give me some ideas about the project. ----Sorry. With so much work _______ my mind, I almost break down. A. filled B. Filling C. to fill D. being filled 5. John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work ______, he gladly accepted it. A. finished B. Finishing C. hing finished D. was finished 6. I couldn’t do my homework with all that noise _______. A. going on B. goes on C. went on D. to go on 7. _______ and no way to reduce her pain and suffering from the terrible disease, the patient sought her doctor’s help to end her life. A. Hing given up hope of cure B. With no hope for cure C. There being hope for cure D. In the hope of cure 8. ________ two exams to worry about, I he to work really hard this weekend. A. With B. Besides C. As for D. Because of 9. It was a pity that the great writer d _______ his works unfinished. A. for B. With C. from D. of 10. ______ production up by 60%, the company has had another excellent year. A. As B. For C. With D. Through with复合结构专项练习(二) 一:请选择最佳 1. With nothing_______to burn,the fire became weak and finally d out. A.leing B.left C.lee D.to lee 2. The girl sat there quite silent and still with her eyes_______on the wall. A.fixing B.fixed C.to be fixing D.to be fixed 3. I live in the house with its door_________to the south. A.facing B.faces C.faced D.being faced 4. They pretended to be wong hard all night with their lights____. A.burn B.burnt C.burning D.to burn 二:用with复合结构完成下列句子 1)___________________(有很多工作要做),I couldn't go to see the doctor. 2)She sat___________________(低着头)。

3)The day was bright____________________.(微风吹拂) 4)_________________________,(心存梦想)he went to Hollywood. 三 把下列句子中的划线部分改写成with复合结构。

1)Because our lessons were over,we went to play football. _____________________________. 2)The children came running towards us and held some flowers in their hands. _____________________________. 3)My mother is ill,so I won't be able to go on holiday. _____________________________. 4)An exam will be held tomorrow,so I couldn't go to the cinema tonight. _____________________________. : A 2. C 3. C 4. B 5. A 6. A 7. B 8. A 9. B 10. C with复合结构专项练习(二) (一): 1)是B.with的宾语nothing和动词lee是被动关系,所以用过去分词形式作宾语补足语。

2)是B.短语fix one's eyes on sth是“盯着…

3)是A.face“朝、向”,是不及物动词,所以和itsdoor是主动关系,所以用现在分词形式。

4)是C.burn“点燃、发亮、发光”,是不及物动词,所以和theirlights是主动关系,所以用现在分词。

(二): 1)With a lot of work to do 2)with her head bent 3)with a fresh breeze blowing 4)With a dream in heart (三): 1)With our lessons over ,we went to play football. 2)The children came running towards us with the flowers in their hands. 3)With my mother being will,I won't be able to go on holiday. 4)With the exam to be held tomorrow,I couldn't go to the cinema tonight.重点句型5:although引导的让步状语从句句型解读:本句是although引导的让步状语从句,注意在句子中although不能和but连用。

考查方向:考查连词although及时态问题背诵课本原句:Although I was embarrassed, his words made me a lot more relaxed!重点句型6:It +is+n.+for sb. to do句型解读:It +is+n.+for sb.to do ,意思是“做某事对于某人来说是…

”,其中it是形式主语,真正主语为“for sb.to do”。

归纳拓展:It is+n.+ for sb.to do  做某事对某人来说是…

It is+adj.+for sb.to do sth. 做某事对某人来说是…

It is+adj./n.+that ... “…

”It is+adj.+of sb.to do sth. 做某事对某人来说是…

It is no good/use doing sth. 做某事是没有好处/用的考查方向:考查形式主语it或后面的动词不定式结构背诵课本原句:It's a fantastic opportunity for new students to get to know the school and the other students.It is hard for me to finish homework.It is a good idea that we go to the cinema。

it is no good doing sth做某事是没益处的It is no good reading without understanding .(只阅读不理解)it is no use doing sth做某事是没用的it is no use regretting your past mistakes(后悔过去的错误)重点句型7:情态动词+he done句型解读:must he done表示“过去一定做过某事”,是对已经发生的事进行猜测,常用于肯定句中。

归纳拓展:情态动词+he done 常见结构:could he done 表示过去本来可以有机会选择做某事,但实际上没有那样做,通常译为“本来能够做…

”couldn't he done 过去不可能做过should he done 过去本应该做某事(实际上没有做)needn't he done 过去本没有必要做(实际上做了)考查方向:考查情态动词后的完成结构,主要考查动词的正确形式背诵课本原句:You must he had some moments when you were disappointed.你一定也经历了一些你很失望的时候吧。

You needn’t he walked up; you could he taken the lift.你没必要走着上去,你本来可以乘电梯的。

We couldn’t he finished the project on time without your help.(若没有你的协助,我们的项目是无法按时完工的)Youshouldhetoldmeyouwerecoming.你该事先告诉我你要来呀。

I got up early, but I needn’t he done so, because I had no work to do that morning. 我起床起得很早,但我本来不必起那么早的,因为我那天早上没什么事做。

重点句型8:if引导的省略句句型解读:本句型为if引导的省略句,if之后省略了it was。

归纳拓展:if引导的省略句还有以下几种:if any 如果有的话if necessary 如果需要的话if possible 如果可能的话if ever 如果曾经有的话if not 如果不这样的话考查方向:考查连词if或后面被省略之后的成分背诵课本原句:If so,how did you deal with them?

如果是这样,你怎么处理的他们(那些失望的时候)?I need to see you, right away if possible.我要见你,如果可能,马上*when, while, if, as, though / although, until, once, whether, unless 等引导的状语从句中,当主句的主语和从句的主语一致时,常省略跟主句相同的主语和be,只剩下主要的部分。

如:*While / When (you are) crossing the street, you must be careful.*Unless (I am) invited to attend the party, I won’t go to his house.(见课件)IV重点语法(句子成分)学会写句子★★★★掌握五种基本句式句子成分构成了英语中各种各样的句子,但英语中最基本的句式只有五种,其他各种句式都是由这五种基本句式转换而来。

Immediately, a crowd gathered around us.一群人马上围拢在我们的身旁。

Bathed in the sunshine, we jumped and cheered with joy.沐浴在阳光中,我们高兴得欢呼雀跃。

In order to keep fit, ______________________________.2.这里高楼林立、绿树成荫。

Here ___________________________with green trees growing quickly.【】1.we should exercise regularly 2. many high buildings he appeared二、主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语该句式特点为:谓语动词均为实义动词,都是主语发出的动作,但不能表达完整的意思,必须跟有一个宾语(宾语可以由名词、代词、动名词、不定式等来充当),即动作的承受者,才能使意思完整。

Then I wiped the dust off all the furniture.然后我扫去所有家具上的灰尘。

On the other hand, a lot of factories can't employ enough workers.另一方面,很多工厂却雇佣不到足够的工人。

In China, these knots stand for friendship, love and good luck.在中国,这些中国结代表友谊、爱和好运。

Over the years, ___________________with each other.2.当今,许多大城市的人们在抱怨交通拥堵。

Nowadays, people in many big cities_________________________________.【】1. we he developed a good friendship 2. are complaining about the hey traffic三、主语+系动词+表语该句式就是常说的主系表结构。

Such a situation is of great concern.这样的情况引起了极大的关注。

As a matter of fact, failure isn't so terrible.实际上,失败并非那么可怕。

In a word, ____________________to health than city life.2.全世界的环境问题正变得越来越严重。

Environmental problems __________________________all over the world.【】1. couy life is more beneficial 2. are becoming more and more serious四、主语+谓语(及物动词)+间接宾语+直接宾语该句型中的谓语动词必须跟两个宾语才能表达完整的意思。

We should give them enough respect.我们应该给予他们足够的尊重。

At the same time, parents are giving their children too much protection.同时,父母给孩子的保护太多了。

___________________________________ on how to learn English well.2.幸运的是, 她答应了我一个重新面试的机会。

Fortunately, ________________________________________ to interview.【】1. Mr. Green will give us a speech 2. she promised me another chance五、主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语+宾语补足语该句型中的动词虽然是及物动词,但是只跟一个宾语还不能表达完整的意思,必须加上一个补充成分来说明宾语,才能使意思完整。

I will keep traffic rules in mind all the way.我会一直牢记交通规则。

Obviously, a good learning habit can help us to speed up to reach our destinations.显而易见,一个好的学习习惯能帮助我们尽快达到我们的目标。

As a high school student,_____________________________________.2.从古代起,人们就把早起视为好习惯。

___________________________________________________since ancient times.【】1. I consider English a very important subject 2. People he regarded getting up early as a good habit[练习] 判断下列句子所属的类型1.In other words, we are the master of our own future. 【】主语+系动词+表语2.This morning our teacher told us something about the Hope Project in class.  【】主语+谓语(及物动词)+间接宾语+直接宾语3.A blind man was walking slowly and carefully with a stick in his hand.【】主语+谓语(不及物动词)4.Should we sacrifice our children's future for our own interests?  【】主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语5.Friends made my life full of excitement, imagination and romance.  【】主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语+宾语补足语V书面表达(学会写日记journal)★★★★★如何写英语日记【方法指导】日记是用来叙述一天中所发生的重要事情的文体,特别是那些具有教育意义和值得回忆、阻缩煮查阅或参考的事情,其素材应是最有趣或最有感受的一些事情。

1.格式通常在左上角写日期,顺序可以是月、日、年(如August 5th,2016),也可以是日、月、年(如5th August,2016)。

【常用句型】1.It was a sunny day.那是个晴朗的日子。

2.He praised us/me for what we/I had done.因为我们(我)所做的,他表扬了我们(我)。

3.I was busy but happy today.今天我很忙,却很高兴。

4.We felt happy because we had done a good job.我们都很高兴,因为我们做了一件好事。

6.From this I realized that we shouldn’t waste our time of today and shouldn’t put today’s work off to tomorrow.由此我意识到我们不应该浪费今天的时间,不应该把今天的事推到明天。

7.Time and tide wait for no man.岁月不等人。

8.Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it.世上无难事,只怕有心人。

9.Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧。

10.A friend in need is a friend indeed.患难朋友才是真朋友。


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