6)read 可用来表示“理解”、“解释”,如:①Don\'t r

简介: 6)read 可用来表示“理解”、“解释”,如:①Don\'t read my silence as consent. 别把我的沉默当作同意。

同义词辨析第11组:1.reach 的用法reach [ri:tM] vt. 到达,抵达。

表示到达之意的还有 arrive at (in) , get to 等。

例如:① The president reached Beijing by special plane yesterday.总统昨天乘专机到达北京。

② We reached here Thursday morning. 我们是星期四早晨到达这里的。

⑤ She was always the first to arrive at the workshop. 她总是第一个来到车间。

⑦ We must get to the airport before 8.我们必须在八点钟前到机场。

例如:① Mary arrived in Shanghai last month. 玛丽上月到达上海。

② We arrived at the small village in the evening. 我们傍晚到达那个小村庄。

2.discover 的用法discover [dis\'k)v+] vt. 发现(已存在但并不为人所知的事,通常指地方或科学事实);知道。

discover的基本用法如下:1)跟名词或代词:①It was Madame Curie who discovered the element radium.是居里夫人发现了镭元素。

2)跟从句:① It was discovered that our food was running short. 我们发现粮食快完了。

② We discovered that he was an enemy spy. 我们发现他是一名敌特。

3)跟带连接词的不定式:① We never discovered how to open the box. 我们找不出打开盒子的方法。

4)跟复合宾语:① We discovered him to be an enemy spy. 我们发现他是一名敌特。

3.both [b+uI] 的基本用法1)both 用作连词。

例如:① She both plays the piano and sings. (both+ 动词+ and+ 动词)她既弹钢琴,也唱歌。

② She plays both the piano and the guitar.(both+名词;and+名词)她既弹钢琴,也弹吉他。

如:①They are both absent. (同位语)他们俩都缺席。

②They both agree to stay. (同上)他们俩都同意留下来。

③We he both stud French.我们两个人都学习过法语。

如:①New cities came into being on both sides of the Great Wall. (=New cities came into being on either side of the Great Wall.)长城的两边出现了崭新的城市。

如:①Neither of them was in good health, but both worked very hard.(=Either of them was not in good health, but both worked very hard.)他们俩身体都不好,但都努力地工作。

②Both of them are not teachers. 他们俩并非都是教师。

4.room [ru:m] 的基本用法1)room可以用作不可数名词,意为“(未占用的或可利用的)空间;地位;余地”。

②It\'s polite for the youth to make room for the old in the bus.在公共汽车上为老人让路是有礼貌的。

③There\'s plenty of room for the desks. 有足够的空地方放课桌。

④There\'s room for three more. 还有三个人的位置。

⑤I hen\'t much room to move here.我这儿没有多少活动余地。

⑦This table takes up too much room----we\'d better put it out. 这张桌子占的地方太大,我们最好把它搬到外头去。

【注意】与room常合成的词有:bathroom 洗澡间;sitting-room 起居室;dinning-room 饭厅;schoolroom教室5.prepare的用法prepare [pri\'p#+] vt. & vi. 准备1)跟名词或代词(可有较活译法):①Please prepare the table for dinner. 请摆好桌子吃晚饭。

②Mother is preparing us a meal. 母亲正为我们做饭。

2)跟不定式:①They are busy preparing to go on holiday. 他们正忙着准备休假。

3)prepare for引起的短语表示“为…

①We were given two days to prepare for the examination.给了我们两天时间准备考试。

②Hope for the best and prepare for the worst.[谚]存最好的希望,准备应付最坏的情况。

6.way的用法 1)way(意为“方法”)经常不用介词。

例如:①I think you\'re putting it together (in) the wrong way.我认为你把它装错了。

在有关从句的句子里,我们在way后面常用that来代替in which。

例如:③I like the way (that) she organized the meeting. 我喜欢他组织会议的方法。

2)way后面可跟“带to的动词不定式”结构,也可跟“of+ -ing”结构。

例如:①There\'s no way to prove he was stealing money. 无法证明他在偷钱。

②There\'s no way of proving he was stealing money.无法证明他在偷钱。

3)不要混淆in the way和on the way:in the way是用来谈障碍--------阻止你到想去的地方的人或物;on the way意为“在途中”。

试比较:①Please don\'t stand in the kitchen door----you\'re in the way.请不要站在厨房门口--------你挡了我的路。

②Let\'s not stop too often on the way. 咱们别老在途中停留了。

如:①The young man offered the old woman his own seat.那位年轻人把自己的座位让给那位老大娘。

2)出价,开价(常与介词for连用)。

如:①I offered him £10,000 for the house.我出价一万英镑向他买那座房子。

②I offered him the house for £10,000.我以一万磅的价格把那座房子卖给他。

3)表示愿意做某事(常与不定式连用)如:①We offered to go with him. 我们表示愿意和他一道去。

如:①You ought to accept the offer. 你应该接受这个提议。

8.turn 一词的几种常见用法1)Take turns to do, take turns at doing 或do …

by turns 都表示“轮流做某事”的意思。

It\'s one\'s turn to do…

表示“轮到某人做某事”。

注意表达时turn 一词的单复数形式。

如:①Take turns to offer each other the foods in Part 2 in pairs.两人一组,轮流请对方吃第二部分列出的食物。

②They took turns to keep watch.他们轮流站岗。

(=They kept watch by turns.)③We take turns to make/ at making dinner.我们轮流做晚饭。

(=We make dinner by turns.)④The two drivers took turns at driving the truck.两个驾驶员轮流开车。

drove …

by turns.)⑤It\'s your turn to recite the passage. 轮到你背诵这篇短文了。

【注意】 Wait your turn是“等着轮到你”的意思,这里wait后不能接for。

Wait your turn = Wait until it is your turn.2)turn = become,用作连系动词。

如:①In autumn the lees turn brown. 秋天树叶变黄。

②Ice turns into water when (it is) heated. 冰加热变成水。

▲说“情况变得更糟了”,英语是 get worse 或 turn for the worse,而个说 turn worse.3)turn out表示“结果…

”,如:①The project turned out (to be) a failure.计划结果失败了。

(to be可省略)②The day turned out to be a fine one. 结果那天是个晴天。

③I hope everything will turn out fine/ well/ all right. 我希望一切都会好的。

4)turn up = appear, be found 表示“出现”。

如:①He promised to come, but so far he hasn\'t turned up yet.他答应来的,可到现在还没出现。

②I expect the missing watch will turn up one day.我希望那块丢失的手表哪一天会出现。

5)其它turn所用于的情况:①Don\'t always turn to the dictionary when you come to a new word.碰到生词时不要总是查词典。

②Don\'t turn to him for help. 不要求助于他。

③He turned the key in the lock. 他用钥匙开门。

④Turn over the page. 翻过一页。

\\\⑤The doctor turned him over and looked at his back.医生把他翻过来查看他的背。

⑥Turn it round and let me see the other side. 把它转过来,让我看另一面。

⑦Turn away from the light. 背过光去。

⑨Turn your pocket inside out. 把你的口袋翻过来。

⑩Turn the bottle upside down. 把瓶倒过来。

(11)She was angry and turned her back to me. 她生气了,背对着我。

(12)Turn your eyes this way. 朝这边看。

9.ship 作为动词的用法1)ship作为及物动词,意思是“用船运送”、“运送”。

如:①They shipped the machine from Shanghai to Tianjin last week.他们于上星期用船把那台机器从上海运到天津。

如:①He said good - bye to his family and shipped out for England.他向家人道别,乘船到英国去了。

②He shipped as cook. 他在船上当厨师。

重要词组短语1.be made into, be made of, be made from 和be made up of 的用法区别1)be made into意思是“被制成”。

如:①In many parts of the world corn is made into powder.在世界许多地方玉米被制成粉。

②We can make glass into different kinds of things.我们可以把玻璃制成各种东西。

2)be made of原为 be made out of, out常被省略。

如:①The desks and chairs are made of wood. 这些课桌都是木头制成的。

②The cloth is made of cotton. 这种布是用棉花制成的。

3)be made from 表示制成的东西完全失去了原材料的外性和特性,原料在制作过程中发生了化学变化,从成品已无法辨认。

如:①Gas is made from coal. 煤气由煤制成。

②This kind of wine is made from rice. 这种酒是米制成的。

4)be made up of是“由…

如:①The article is made up of four parts.这篇文章由四部分组成。

【注意】be made of,be made into和make …

如:①Bread is made of flour.=Flour can be made into bread.=We can make flour into bread.=We can make bread (out) of flour.2.help oneself 的用法help oneself是固定用法,可单独使用,也可和介词to连用。

主要有四种含义:1)serve oneself (with food or drink) 自用(食物等)。

如:①There is some bread on the table. You may help yourself to it. 桌子上有面包,你自己拿去吃吧!

”③“Jill, help yourself to the pancakes. They are delicious”. 吉尔(自己)拿些煎饼吃吧!

2)take for (oneself), esp. dishonestly, 擅自取用。

如:①The money was on the table and no one was there, so he helped himself (to it). 桌上有钱,左右无人,于是他就拿走了。

②Before leing, father warned me against not to help myself to the medicine in the box on the shelf. 出门前,父亲再次警告我不要拿放在架子上盒子里的药。

【注意】 help sb to sth表示“替别人取食物等。

如:①By the time he was ten, he had already built a chemistry lab for himself.到了十岁时,他为自己建了一个化学实验室。

如:①By seven o\'clock, the wind was blowing harder than ever.到七点时,北风比以往吹得更强劲了。

如:①By that time the Japanese were already very near.到那时,日本人已经很近了。

②By then he knew what he wanted to be when he grew up.到那时,他知道他长大后要干什么。

如:①By the end of last month, my brother had been on that ship for two years.到上月底,我兄弟在那艘轮船上已有两年了。

如:①Quite often you\'ll find the unknown word comes again, perhaps several times and by the end of the chapter you\'ll he guessed its meaning.你常常会发现,那个不认识的单词会再次出现,也许会多次出现。

②We will he the work completed by noon tomorrow.到明天中午我们将把工作做完。

如:①Your son will be all right by supper time.到吃晚饭时你儿子(的病)就会好了。

②He won\'t be here by this time tomorrow.明天这个时候他还不会到这里。

如: Perhaps she\'s recovered by now. 也许现在她已恢复健康了。

4.be able to与can的用法区别be able to表示能力,意思上与can没有区别,但can只有现在式和过去式(could),而 be able to则有更多的形式,体现在be的时态变化上。

例如:①No one is able to do it. (= No one can do it.) 没人能做这件事。

②We shall be able to finish the work next week.我们下周将能完成这项工作。

③I hen\'t been able to find the book. 我没能够找到那本书。

加一个原级形容词或副词。

如:①It\'s as cold as ice. 它象冰一样冷。

②He drove as fast as he could. 他尽可能快开。

例如:③She\'s bard as mails. 她冷酷无情。

在正式的文体中多用主格(as clever as I),但在非正式的讲话或文字中,宾格较为普通(as clever as me)。

【注意】在作否定的比较时,可用not as…

,也可用not so…

例如:④She\'s not as/ so nice as her sister. 她不如她姐姐好。

2)如果涉及数量,我们可以用as much …

或as many …

例如:①I hen\'t got as much money as I thought.我没有原来想象的那么多钱。

②We need as many records as possible.我们需要尽量多弄到一些唱片。

▲as much和 as many也可用作代词,后面不跟名词。

如:③I ate as much as I could. 我放开肚子大吃了一顿。

④He didn\'t catch as much as he\'d hoped.他没有得到预期的那么多。

\\\▲as much还可以用作状语,来修饰某个动作或状态。

如:⑤You ought to rest as much as possible. 你应当尽量多休息。

as还可以与twice,three times等连用,也可以与half,a quarter等连用。

例如:①I\'m not going out with a man who\'s twice as old as me.我不愿意和一个年纪比我大一倍的人一起参加社交活动。

②We got three times as many people as expected.来的人超过我们预料人数的两倍。

③You\'re not half as clever as you think you are.你可不象自己想象的一半那么聪明。

例如:①He\'s too old to work. 他太老了,不能工作了。

②It\'s too late for the pubs to be open.天太晚了,酒馆不会营业了。

③It\'s too hey for you to lift. 太重了,你提不起来。

例如:①I am too eager to join the Youth League. 我非常渴望加入共青团。

②I am too glad to meet you. 见到你我非常高兴。

3.感叹句的两种形式:感叹句由 What或 How引导。

构成以下句型:What+a(an)+(adj.)+可数名词单数;What+(adj.)+可数名词复数或不可数名词以及How+(adj. & adv). +句子。

②What delicious beancurd you offered me!你给我的豆腐真好吃!

sport特指某种运动项目时,一般用作可数名词;它还指运动会,常用复数形式 sports(=sports meet)。

如:①Our headmaster is fond of sport, not music.我们校长喜欢体育,不喜欢音乐。

②Fishing and hunting are his forite sports.钓鱼和打猎是他特别喜爱的运动。

指大型的国际体育运动会、比赛,用game.如:①Football is a game which makes me excited.是一项让我激动的运动。

如:①The result of the experiment excited me. 实验的结果令我激动。

②Everybody was excited by the news of the victory.人人为此胜利的消息而兴奋。

exciting意思是“令人激动的”,常用来修饰事物;excited 意思是“对…

②The excited children were opening their Christmas gifts.激动的孩子们打开圣诞礼物。

④We just watched an exciting football match.我们刚看了一场激动人心的赛。

⑤He ge an excited shout. 他发出了激动的叫喊。

3.join, join in, take part in 和 attend 的用法比较这几个词或短语都有“参加”的意思,但用法不同。

②She joined the Young Pioneers. 她加入了少先队。

(2)和某人一道做某事,其结构为:join sb. in (doing) sth.,根据上下文,in (doing) sth. 也可以省去。

②He\'ll join us in singing the song. 他将和我们一道唱歌。

③We\'re going to the East Lake Park on Sunday. Will you join us?我们打算星期天去东湖公园。

2)join in多指参加小规模的活动如“球赛、游戏”等,常用于日常口语。

如:①Come along, and join in the ball game. 快,来参加球赛。

3)take part in 指参加会议或群众性活动等,着重说明句子主语参加该项活动并在活动中发挥作用。

如:①We\'ll take part in social practice during the summer vacation.暑假期间我们将参加社会实践。

②We often take part in physical labour. 我们经常参加体力劳动。

【注意】take part in是惯用词组,part前一般不用冠词,但part前有形容词修饰时,要用不定冠词。

如:①Lincoln took an active part in polities and was strongly against slery.林肯积极参加活动,强烈反对制。

如:①He\'ll attend an important meeting tomorrow.他明天要参加一个重要的会议。

②I attended his lecture. 我听了他的讲课。

如:①We can\'t go any farther (further) with a rest. 我们不休息无法向前走了。

②They went farther (further) into the forest。

如:①We must get further information. 我们必须获得更多的信息。

②We need go further into the matter. 我们必须进一步此事。

③The Museum will be closed until further notice.该博物馆将关闭,开放时将另行通知。

beat the competitor/the team/the couy打败对手/队/国家6.time作“时代”解时的用法time作“时代”解时,常用复数形式(times)。

如:①In ancient times, man lived on wild plants and wild beasts.在古代,人类靠野果和野兽为生。

②Times he changed, and we shouldn\'t fall behind.时代变了,我们不应落后于时代。

③She didn\'t understand the spirit of the times. 她不理解那个时代的精神。

【注意】 time作“时代”解时,也可用单数形式,如:①He lived in Queen Victoria\'s time. 他生活在维多利亚女王时代。

7.happen 的两种含义happen可作“发生”解,常指意外地、偶然地发生某一件事。

②If anything happens to him, let me know. 如果他发生什么事,请通知我。

③I happened to meet him in the street yesterday. 我昨天碰巧在街上遇见他。

如:①Every four years athletes from all over the world take part in the Olympic Games. 每四年,来自世界各地的运动员参加奥林匹克运动会。

②I usually go to my uncle\'s every three days (=every third day).我通常每三天(每隔两天)去我叔叔家一次。

【注意】every后可接 few,但不能接 a few,因 every一词已包含了a之意,如句④,另外every后也不能接some,several,many等词。

every后接序数词时,则修饰单数可数名词,如句②2)every 可与other + 单数可数名词连用,表示“每隔一…

如:①Please write on every other line (third line).请隔行写。

)②They planted a tree every other metre along the road.他们在马路边每隔一米栽一棵树。

的含义1)prefer A to B 意思上接近于like A better than B,表示“喜欢…

①I prefer science to languages. 我喜欢理科而不太喜欢文科。

②He prefers beer to coffee. 啤酒与咖啡相比,他更喜欢啤酒。

③He said he preferred the couy life to the city life.他说城市和农村相比,他更喜欢农村。

④Even on holidays, he preferred doing something to doing nothing. 即使在假日里,他也宁愿干点什么事,而不愿闲待着。

2)prefer 不接介词 to短语而单独使用时,相当于 like…

very much。

这时 prefer后面可接名同,代词,不定式,动词-ing形式等。

例如:①Southerners prefer rice while northerners prefer food made from flour. 南方人比较爱吃米饭,北方人比较爱吃面食。

③She preferred to work and live with the common people.她喜欢工作生活在普通人中间。

【注意】prefer在构成其-ed及-ing形式时,要双写词尾字母 r,即:preferred,preferring3)prefer还可与 rather than连用,这时 prefer和 rather than后面一般接不定式,而不接动词-ing形式,rather than后面的不定式符号 to可有可无。

如:①She preferred to go with us rather than stay behind.她宁愿和我们一道去,而不愿留下。

②He preferred to write to her rather than telephone her.他宁愿写信给她,而不愿打电话给她。

2.由read构成的短语1)read out sth. =read sth. loud for others to hear,意为“读出”、“宣布”。

①Your teacher will read out eight sentences. Which picture is she talking about?你的老师将读出8个句子,她分别读的是有关哪幅画的呢?

②Here\'s a letter from Tom. Shall I read it out?这儿有一封汤姆的来信,我要不要读出来。

2)read sth. to sb./ read sb. sth. =read loud for sb. to hear.表示“读给某人听”。

①Here\'s a report about our school. Let me read it to you.这儿有一篇有关我们学校的报道,我来读给你听。

②The teacher read a poem to the class. 老师给全班同学读了首诗。

③She read the children a story. 她给孩子们读了篇故事。

④Children like to be read to. 孩子们喜欢读给他们听。

【注意】read to sb. 是“读给某人听”的意思,read for sb. 是“替某人读”的意思。

3)read sth. to oneself = read sth. in silence. 意思是“默读”①Read it to yourself. I\'m not interested in it.不要读出声来,我对此不感兴趣。

4)read between the lines = to find a meaning that is not expressed. 表示“体会字里行间的言外之意”。

①If you read between the lines, this letter is really a request for money.你如果体会一下言外之意,这封信实际上是要钱。

①The sentence doesn\'t read well. 这个句子不通顺。

②Her letters always read well. 她的信读起来很好。

③The full text reads as follows, …

6)read 可用来表示“理解”、“解释”,如:①Don\'t read my silence as consent. 别把我的沉默当作同意。

3.after that和since then的用法区别after that表示在过去某一件事以后,但情况或动作并不延续到说话时,所以句中的谓语动词仍要用一般过去时。

since then表示从过去某一点时间延续至说话时,强调到目前为止一直进行的动作或保持的状态。

试比较:①After that he never passed any exam.从那以后他任何一门考试都从未及格过。

②After that they took more attention to what I said and did.从那以后他们对我的一言一行更加关注了。

(句中常用 It\'s代替 It has been. )【注意】that指过去某一件事,then指过去某一点时间。

例如:①In 1992 over 8000 competitors from more than 150 couies went to Barcelona for the 25th Summer Olympics. 1992年,来自150多个国家的八千多运动员去巴塞罗那参加第25届夏季奥林匹克运动会。

(= to take part in)②The place to which she took us was just right for a picnic.她带我们去在那个地方正适合野餐。

③We are trelling back to England soon for a holiday.我们不久要回英格兰度假了。

(for = to he)④I\'ll go back to my room for my pen.我要回宿舍去拿钢笔。

(for = to get)⑤He had to go out for food.他不得不出去寻找食物。

(for = to find)⑥Let\'s go in for some tea.我们进去喝些茶吧。

(for = and take)5.hand 构成的动词短语学习下面例句,注意hand构成的动词短语的含义:①Please hand in your papers at the end of the exam.请在考试结束时将试卷交上来。

②Hand out the pencils to everyone in the class.把这些铅笔分发给班上的每位同学。

③The thief was handed over to the police. 小偷被提交给了。

④Please hand on the magazine to your friends. 请把这本杂志传给你的朋友们。

⑤Then he handed the cup around the class of students.他把杯子递给学生,在全班传了一圈。

⑥This ring has been handed down in my family for generations.这枚戒指在我的家族中传了好几代了。

同义词辨析第14组:常用句型结构1.Many of the sports were the same as they are now.1)the same as…

中,same是代词,the same + 名词 + as…

如:①The house is just the same as it used to be. 这座房子还跟过去一样。

(as在定语从句中作表语)②We are facing the same problems as we did years ago. (as在从句中作动词宾语)我们正面临着几年前同样的问题。

③We drove out of the town by the same road as we had entered by. (as在从句中作介词宾语)我们驱车出城时,与进城时是同一条路。

2)the same…

如:①She lives in the same room that her mother lived.她住在她母亲住过的同一间屋里。

2.After that more and more couies joined in the games.形容词/副词“双重比较”的结构,表示持续不断的变化,意思是“越来越…

”:1) adj. /adv. + -er and adj. /adv. + -er (单音节及部分双音节的形容词/副词双重比较)2) 例如:①She is getting thinner and thinner. 她变得越来越瘦了。

②He runs faster and faster. 他跑得越来越快了。

2)more and more + adj. /adv. (多音节及部分双音节的形容词/副词双重比较)例如:① Our hometown is becoming more and more beautiful.我们的家乡变得越来越美丽了。


以上是文章"

6)read 可用来表示“理解”、“解释”,如:①Don\'t r

"的内容,欢迎阅读集优教育网的其它文章