作定语1)有很多过去分词可以做定语,特别是表示情绪的词例句:She

简介: (二)作定语1)有很多过去分词可以做定语,特别是表示情绪的词例句:She threw me a quick,frightenedglance.她迅速而惊恐地看了

本次英语语法专题我们学习“过去分词的功能”,具体内容如下:一、过去分词的谓语功能过去分词保留动词的许多特征,因此在句中可有自己的状语和逻辑主语,带双宾语的及物动词构成的过去分词形式还可以有自己的宾语。

例句:Don't worry,the children arewell looked after.不用担心,孩子们被照顾的很好。

例句:By the end of 14,Einstein had learnedadvanced mathematics all by himself.到十四岁时,就已经自学了高等数学。

例句:Life is a journey into the unknown.None of us hasever treled the road of life before.生活之路通向未知,没有一个人曾经走过。

例句:I felt confused,even bored.我有点迷茫,甚至有点烦。

例句:The children were very excitedby the pantomime.孩子们看了童话剧非常兴奋。

(二)作定语1)有很多过去分词可以做定语,特别是表示情绪的词例句:She threw me a quick,frightenedglance.她迅速而惊恐地看了我一眼。

2)过去分词作定语往往表示被动和完成Printed matter印刷品A written report书面报告Guided missileArmed force武装力量Cooked food冷冻食品Boiled water开(过的)水Frozen food冷冻食品Canned food罐头食品A forced smile勉强的笑容Mixed feelings混杂的情绪例句:Knowledge is generalizedexperience.知识是经验的总结。

例句:The overturnedcart ahead is warning to the carts behind.前车之覆,后车之鉴。

3)有些不及物动词的过去分词只表示完成,不表示被动含义The risen sun初升的太阳(=the sun that has just risen)An exploded bomb了的炸弹(=a bomb that has exploded)Faded flowers萎谢的花Vanished jewels消失了的珠宝Returned students归国留学生A retired professor退休的教授Escaped prisoners逃犯Departed friends离去的朋友Fallen lees落叶Abdicated emperor退位的皇帝His deceased wife他的亡妻New arrived visitors新到的客人Swollen eyes肿胀的眼睛A dated map过时的地图注意!

有些以-ed结尾的词,并不是过去分词,而是由名词变来的:Armoured cars装甲车A bearded man留络腮胡子的人A detailed account详细的叙述A gifted boy有天赋的男孩Flowered curtains印花窗帘Concerted efforts同心协力Skilled workers技术熟练的工人Salar class工薪阶层有些合成形容词也是由“名词+ed”构成的:Absent-minded心不在焉的Cold-blooded冷血的Good-natured天性善良的kind-hearted心地善良的one-sided片面的Open-minded心胸开阔的Short-sighted近视的Muddle-headed稀里糊涂的4)还有许多由过去分词构成合成形容词Air-conditioned rooms有空调的房间half-finished products半成品A hand-operated pump手工操作泵A well-dressed woman穿着讲究的女子Hand-made goods手工制品Closed-circuit TV闭路电视A cautiously-worded statement措辞谨慎的声明Strongly motivated students学习动力很强的学生A simply-furnished apartment一套陈设简单的房间5)有些现在分词短语跟在所修饰词后面,作用接近于一个定语从句例句:Joys sharedwith others are more enjoyed.与众同乐,其乐无穷。

例句:This is something unheardof in history.这是史无前例的事。

6)有时候跟在名词后的可能是一个单一的过去分词,而不是短语例句:The designers decided to change the materials used.设计师们决定改变所使用的材料。

7)过去分词作定语常指已完成的动作,若要表示正在进行的动作,要用过去分词的进行形式,即现在分词的被动形式例句:What do you think of the summit meeting being heldin Vienna ?你对正在维也纳召开的峰会有什么看法?

例句:I knew nothing about the experiment being conductedthere.我对在那里进行的实验一无所知。

例句:Again and again,I find my spirit liftedand my attitude changed when I care enough to “stay pretty”.一次又一次,我认真“行善”的时候,发现自己的精神升华了,态度改变了。

有时介词with后可用过去分词作宾语补足语,表示特殊的含义:例句:Did you heyour homework finished ?作业做完了吗?

(自己做)例句:I hadmy computer repaired yesterday.昨天我找人修好了电脑。

(找人修理)例句:She hadher money stolen on the bus.在公交车上她的钱被偷了。

(遭遇某种情况)例句:Now let's heall the windows cleaned.现在咱们来擦洗所有的窗户。

例句:This song is often heard sungeverywhere in China.在中国的大街小巷都能能听到有人唱这首歌。

例句:The boy was found lostand couldn't find his way back.有人发现这孩子迷路了,找不到回去的路了。

例句:Almost no student is seen punished in this school.在这所学校几乎没有学生被处罚。

例句:Askedabout his address,the boy didn't respond.当问及他的地址时,小男孩没有作答。

例句:Seenfrom the hill,the city looks magnificent.当从山顶上看时,这个城市很壮观。

例句:Seriously injured,she had to be sent to hospital at once.由于受伤严重,她必须被尽快送到医院。

例句:The child behes very well,well brought upby his parents.由于受到父母很好的教育,这个孩子表现很好。

例句:Everything considered,his plan seems better.从各方面考虑,他的计划似乎好一些。

例句:United,we stand;divided,we fall.合则利,分则败。

例句:Giventhis fearful world of crime and nuclear bombs and nationalistic fear and hate,I am afraid we cannot do very much in the way of substituting something more humane for punishment.考虑到这个充斥着犯罪、原子弹以及民族主义仇恨和恐怖的世界,恐怕我们在用较人道的方法代替惩罚方面无能为力。

4)作方式或伴随状语例句:Shelley,astonished,urged her to explain.雪莉很是吃惊,忙催她解释。

例句:The pop star hurr up to her car,followedby her fans.这位明星匆忙走向自己的轿车,后面跟着她的粉丝。

例句:The present entered the hall,accompanby a group of leaders.总统由一群陪伴着进入了大厅。

例句:Equippedwith his five senses,man explores the universe around him and calls the adventure Science.人类借助五官探索周围的天地万物,并把这种探索称为“科学”。

在before,after,without等词后必须用being done结构形式。

例句:Unless spokento,she won't say a word.除非跟她说话,否则她不愿意说一个字。

例句:The boy left the playhouse without being seen.那个男孩离开游戏室的时候没人看见。

例句:Before being called,remain where you are.叫你之前,待在原地别动。

例句:He walked down the street as if drunk.他沿着街道走着,似乎喝醉了。

例句:When treatedwith kindness,he was very amiable.当别人善待他时,他是非常和蔼可亲的。


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